Don't Miss
Road Diets: Fitter, Healthier Public Ways      
 724 K

Urban Traffic Calming and Health Inequalities: Effects and Implications for Practice
 1.1 MB

Annotated Bibliography: Built Environment
588 K


Links
Readings/Periodicals/Blogs/Tools
Built Environment. A long list of readings on the site of the National Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health.

Public Health and Land Use Planning: How Ten Public Health Units are Working to Create Healthy and Sustainable Communities(2011). On the site of The Clean Air Partnership.

Interactive map for analyzing the built environment and services in Québec. In French, on the site of the INSPQ.

Environment and Planning - journals. Four journals available on the Environment and Planning website.

Active Transportation Canada (blog).

Healthy Canada by Design CLASP (blog).

Ideas/Best Practices/Examples
Examples Bank. Categories: Intersections, Stretches of Road, Bicycle Parking. On the site Fietsberaad (Netherlands) in English.

Planning By Design: a healthy communities handbook. On the site of Ontario's Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing

3 Way Street Video by Ron Gabriel. On the site vimeo.com.

StreetsWiki. Wiki site for transportation, urban environmental, and public space issues.

Revisiting Donald Appleyard's Livable Streets. Video on the site StreetFilms.org. "Documenting Livable Streets Worldwide".

National Complete Streets Coalition. (United States)

National Association of City Transportation Officials. (United States) Features a series of best practice videos.

Cities: successes at increasing public transit /active transport use and reduction of car use.
Vancouver.

New York.

Paris. (Transportation section in French only.)

Conference
Designing streets as public spaces in northern climate cities. Video of a public conference organized by Montréal's Urban Ecology Centre in February, 2010. On the site of WebTV.COOP.


Contact
François Gagnon

Olivier Bellefleur



Traffic Calming
The ways we organize the movement of goods and people have multiple, complex and uneven effects on the health of populations.
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Despite its advantages, the increase in volumes of individual motorized travel has worrisome effects on determinants of health such as collisions, injuries and deaths, air quality, environmental noise and physical activity related to active transportation.

         
Multiple factors affect the speed of motor traffic; not all require expensive infrastructure.

Photo: flickr.com / Payton Chung
Traffic calming offers a way to intervene on the built environment that has significant potential to mitigate these adverse effects and improve the health of exposed populations.

Although the exact delimitation of this concept remains unclear in the literature and in practice, we can say that traffic calming refers to engineering measures and implementation strategies that aim to reduce speeds and/or motorized traffic volumes.

In the coming months, the NCCHPP will release different resources related to traffic calming. We will first publish two sets of documents.

The first set is designed to provide conceptual and political reference points to public health authorities and not-for-profit organizations seeking to influence transportation policies.

The second set of documents presents the results of a literature review on the effects of traffic calming on four determinants of population health, the number and severity of road collisions, air quality, environmental noise and physical activity related to active transportation.

We will also post an evolving register of traffic calming measures, strategies and approaches on our website.

If you wish to be informed of the release of NCCHPP's resources in traffic calming, click here to go to our subscriptions page, and then check the box for “Traffic Calming”. 

1) Introductory documents
Traffic Calming: An Equivocal Concept
Description 

Traffic Calming: Political Dimensions 
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2) Literature review and associated documents
Urban Traffic Calming and Health: A Literature Review 
Description

Glossary of Traffic-calming Measures
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Urban Traffic Calming: Summary Tables of Evaluative Studies
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Urban Traffic Calming and Road Safety: Effects and Implications for Practice
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Urban Traffic Calming and Air Quality: Effects and Implications for Practice
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Urban Traffic Calming and Environmental Noise: Effects and Implications for Practice
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Urban Traffic Calming and Active Transportation: Effects and Implications for Practice
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The production of the NCCHPP website has been made possible through a financial contribution from the Public Health Agency of Canada.