This summary is the second in a series of five short documents based on Urban Traffic Calming and Health: A Literature Review
. It briefly presents the effects of traffic calming on air pollution produced by traffic. The four other documents will focus on road safety, environmental noise, active transportation and inequalities.
We first present the mechanisms of action underlying traffic-calming strategies, as these mechanisms help to explain and predict the effects of calming interventions on air pollution produced by traffic. Next, we summarize the results of studies having evaluated two approaches to traffic calming (black-spots and area-wide approaches). Lastly, we consider the implications of such results for public health actors.
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