This summary is the final one in a series of five short documents based on Urban Traffic Calming and Health: A Literature Review
. It presents the effects of two traffic-calming approaches, the black-spots approach and the area-wide approach, on health inequalities.
In this document, we begin with a brief discussion of how health inequalities are conceptualized, followed by a few Canadian examples of health inequalities associated with, among other things, past and current transportation policies.
We then present a summary of the results of studies having evaluated the two approaches to traffic calming, focusing on the effects of these two approaches on various health inequalities.
We then weigh the implications of these results for public health actors and, finally, present an analysis grid that can help public health actors to anticipate the effects of traffic-calming interventions on health inequalities.