See how the essential public health functions are organized across Canada

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Structural Profile of Public Health in Canada

Province/Territories/Federal
B.C.Alta.Sask.Man.Ont.Que.N.B.N.S.P.E.I.N.L.Y.T.N.W.T.Nun.CA
Provincial, Territorial or Federal Level Ministry of Health; Provincial Health Services AuthorityAlberta Health (Department of Health); Alberta Health ServicesMinistry of HealthManitoba Health, Healthy Living and SeniorsMinistry of Health and Long-Term CareMinistry of Health and Social Services Department of Health, Department of Wellness, Culture and Sport and Department of Healthy and Inclusive CommunitiesDepartment of Health and Wellness (DHW) Department of Health and Wellness (DHW)Department of Health and Community Services (DHCS)Department of Health and Social ServicesDepartment of Health and Social ServicesDepartment of Health Minister of Health, Public Health Agency of Canada, Health Canada
Regional Health Authorities (RHAs) 5 Regional Health AuthoritiesAbolished in 2008, 5 zones created12 Regional Health Authorities5 Regional Health Authorities36 Public Health Units 18 Regional Health Authorities 2 Regional Health Authorities9 District Health Authorities and 1 Health CentreAbolished in 20054 Regional Integrated Health AuthoritiesNo regional health authority but 14 community health centres and 1 hospital8 Health and Social Services AuthoritiesNo RHA, but 3 administrative regionsNo RHA but regional operations within PHAC and Health Canada
Chief Medical Officer of Health Provincial Health OfficerChief Medical Officer of Health Chief Medical Health Officer


Chief Provincial Public Health Officer Chief Medical Officer of HealthNational Public Health Director/Assistant Deputy Minister of Public HealthOffice of the Chief Medical Officer of HealthChief Public Health Officer/Chief Medical Officer of HealthChief Public Health OfficerChief Medical Officer of Health: Dre Faith Stratton Chief Medical Officer of HealthChief Public Health OfficerChief Medical Officer of HealthChief Public Health Officer
Recent Reforms 20082013201020122012200420112011201020112009200920132004
 
Essential Public Health Functions
A. Population Health Assessment
B.C.Alta.Sask.Man.Ont.Que.N.B.N.S.P.E.I.N.L.Y.T.N.W.T.Nun.CA
Provincial, Territorial or Federal Level Provincial Health Officer, Ministry of HealthChief Medical Officer of Health, Alberta Health

Population and Public Health Portfolio, Alberta Health Services
Ministry of Health

Population Health Branch, Ministry of Health
Office of the Chief Provincial Public Health OfficerPublic Health Division, Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care

Health Promotion Division, Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care

Chief Medical Officer of Health, Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care
National Public Health Director, Ministry of Health and Social Services

National Public Health Institute of Québec
Communicable Disease Branch, Office of the Chief Medical Officer of Health, Department of HealthPopulation Health Assessment and Surveillance, DHWOffice of the Chief Public Health Officer, DHW There is no obligation in the Public Health Act to do population health assessmentNo specific branch and no one in the Department of Health and Social Services is responsible for the evaluation of population health (shared responsibility)
Chief Public Health Officer, Department of Health and Social Services
Chief Medical Health Officer, Department of HealthChief Public Health Officer

Public Health Agency of Canada
Regional levelHealth Authorities N/ARegional Healht AuthoritiesRegional Health AuthoritiesPublic health units Regional public health directors, Public Health Department, Health and Social Services AgenciesRegional Health Authorities 3 District Health AuthoritiesN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
B. Health Surveillance
B.C.Alta.Sask.Man.Ont.Que.N.B.N.S.P.E.I.N.L.Y.T.N.W.T.Nun.CA
Provincial, Territorial or Federal LevelMinistry of Health

Provincial Health Officer, Ministry of Health

Public Health Planning and Surveillance Branch, Ministry of Health

BC Centre for Disease Control

Cancer Surveillance & Outcomes Unit, BC Cancer Agency
Surveillance and Assessment Unit, Acute Care and Population Health Division, Alberta Health

Surveillance and Health Status Assessment, Population and Public Health Portfolio, Alberta Health Services
Saskatchewan Health with other health regions and agenciesManitoba Health

Public Health and Primary Health Care, Manitoba Health

Epidemiology and Surveillance Branch, Manitoba Health

Cadham Provincial Laboratory

Communicable Disease Control Branch, Manitoba Health

Environmental Health Branch, Manitoba Health

Emergency and Preparedness Branch, Manitoba Health
Public Health Policy and Programs Branch Public Health Division, Ministry of Health and Long Term Care

Emergency Management Branch, Public Health Division, Ministry of Health and Long Term Care

Public Health Ontario
Public Health Departmental Branch (PHDB), Ministry of Health and Social Services (MHSS)

Public Health Protection Department, Public Health Departmental Branch, Ministry of Health and Social Services

Health Status Surveillance Department, Public Health Departmental Branch, Ministry of Health and Social Services

National Public Health Institute of Québec

Statistic Institute of Québec
Communicable Disease Branch, Office of the Chief Medical Officer of Health, Department of Health

Healthy People Unit, Office of the Chief Medical Officer of Health, Department of Health

Health Protection Branch, Chief Medical Officer of Health Office, Department of Health
Chief Public Health Officer

Population Health Assessment and Surveillance, Public Health, DHW
Office of the Chief Public Health Officer, DHW Communicable Disease Control Division, DHSC

Newfoundland and Labrador Public Health Laboratory

Newfoundland and Labrador Centre for Health Information
Chief Medical Officer of HealthChief Public Health Officer, Department of Health and Social Services

Disease Registries Unit, Population Health Division, Department of Health and Social Services

Health Services Administration Division, Department of Health and Social Services

Northwest Territories Bureau of Statistics
Information Research Unit, Public Health Branch, Department of Health

Chief Medical Health Officer, Department of Health
Infectious Disease Prevention and control branch, Public Health Agency of Canada

Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention Branch, Public Health Agency of Canada

Healthy Environments and Consumer Safety Branch, Health Canada

Health Products and Food Branch, Health Canada

Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI)

Statistics Canada
Regional levelHealth Authorities Yes, certain zonesPopulation Health Branch, Ministry of HealthVaries among Regional Health Authorities Public health units Regional public health directors, Public Health Department, Health and Social Services AgenciesRegional Health Authorities Local levelN/A4 Regional Integrated Health AuthoritiesN/AN/AN/AN/A
C. Health Promotion
B.C.Alta.Sask.Man.Ont.Que.N.B.N.S.P.E.I.N.L.Y.T.N.W.T.Nun.CA
Provincial, Territorial or Federal LevelMinistry of Health

Chronic Disease/Injury Prevention and Built Environment Branch, Ministry of Health

Communicable Disease Prevention, Harm Reduction and Mental Health Promotion Branch, Population and Public
Health Division, Ministry of Health

Maternal, Child and Health Engagement Branch, Population and Public Health Division, Ministry of Health

Seniors’ Directorate, Ministry of Health

Ministry of Education
Wellness Unit, Acute Care and Population Health Division, Alberta Health

Health Promotion, Disease/Injury Prevention Unit, Population and Public Health Portfolio, Alberta Health Services

Health Promotion Unit, Population Health Branch, Ministry of Health

Population Health Branch, Ministry of Health

Community Care Branch, Ministry of Health
Manitoba Healthy Living and Seniors

Manitoba Family Services and Labour
Strategic Initiatives Branch, Health Promotion Division, Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care

Health Promotion Implementation Branch, Promotion Division, Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care

Public Health Ontario

Sport, Recreation and Community Programs Division, Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Sport

Ministry of Community and Social Services

Ministry of Children and Youth Services

Ontario Women's Directorate

Ontario Seniors’ Secretariat
Public Health Departmental Branch, Ministry of Health and Social Services

Chronic Illness and Trauma Prevention Office, Public Health Departmental Branch, Ministry of Health and Social Services

Individual and Social Environment Development Office, Public Health Departmental Branch, Ministry of Health and Social Services

Ministry of Education, Leisure and Sports
Healthy People Unit, Office of the Chief Medical Officer of Health, Department of Health

Health Protection Branch, Chief Medical Officer of Health Office, Department of Health

Wellness Branch of the Department, Healthy and Inclusive Communities
Healthy Development, Public Health, DHW

Physical Activity, Sport and Recreation, DHW






Sport, Recreation and Healthy Living Division, DHW

Community Hospital and Primary Health Care Division, Health P.E.I.
Health Promotion and Wellness Division, DHCS

Provincial Wellness Advisory Council

Office for Aging and Seniors, DHCS
Chief Medical Officer of Health

Community Health Programs Branch, Health Services Division, Department of Health and Social Services

Family and Children’s Services Branch, Services Division, Department of Health and Social Services

Yukon Women’s Directorate
Office of the Chief Public Health Officer, Department of Health and Social Services

Population Health Division, Department of Health and Social Services

Community Wellness and Social Services Division, Department of Health and Social Services
Health Promotion Unit, Public Health Branch, Department of HealthHealth Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention Branch, Public Health Agency of Canada

Health Products and Food Branch, Health Canada

Healthy Environments and Consumer Safety Branch, Health Canada
Regional levelHealth Authorities N/ARegional Healht AuthoritiesRegional Health Authorities Public health units Regional public health directors, Public Health Department, Health and Social Services Agencies Regional Health Authorities9 District Health AuthoritiesN/A4 Regional Integrated Health Authorities (Regional Wellness Coalitions)N/AHealth and Social Services AuthoritiesN/AN/A
D. Disease and Injury Prevention
B.C.Alta.Sask.Man.Ont.Que.N.B.N.S.P.E.I.N.L.Y.T.N.W.T.Nun.CA
Provincial, Territorial or Federal LevelChronic Disease/Injury Prevention and Built Environment Branch, Ministry of Health

Communicable Disease Prevention, Harm Reduction and Mental Health Promotion Branch, Population and Public
Health Division, Ministry of Health

BC Centre for Disease Control

Ministry of Children and Family Development
Primary Health Care Division, Alberta Health

Seniors Services and Continuing Care Division, Alberta Health

Health Promotion, Disease/Injury Prevention Unit, Population and Public Health Portfolio, Alberta Health Services
Population Health Branch, Ministry of Health

Primary Health Services Branch, Ministry of Health

Disease Prevention Unit, Ministry of Health

Ministry of Social Services
Communicable Disease Control Branch, Public Health and Primary Health Care Division, Manitoba Health

Environmental Health Branch, Public Health and Primary Health Care Division, Manitoba Health

Manitoba Healthy Living and Seniors

Manitoba Family Services and Labour
Public Health Policy and Programs Branch, Public Health Division, Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care

the Health Promotion Division, Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care

Public Health Ontario
Department, Public Health Departmental Branch, Ministry of Health and Social Services

Chronic Illness and Trauma Prevention Department, Public Health Departmental Branch, Ministry of Health and Social Services


Individual and Social Environment Development Department, Public Health Departmental Branch, Ministry of Health and Social Services

Public Health Protection Department, Public Health Departmental Branch, Ministry of Health and Social Services

Occupational Health and Safety Commission

Health and Security Work Commission
Communicable Disease Branch, Office of the Chief Medical Officer of Health, Department of Health

Healthy People Unit, Office of the Chief Medical Officer of Health, Department of Health
Communicable Disease Prevention and Control, DHW

Healthy Communities, DHW

Healthy Development, DHW

Addiction Services, DHW

Physical Activity, Sport and Recreation, DHW

Primary Care, DHW
Office of the Chief Public Health Officer, DHW

Community Hospital and Primary Health Care Division, Health P.E.I.

Senior's Secretariat / Office of Seniors, Department of Community Services and Seniors

Child and Family Services Division, Department of Community Services and Seniors
Communicable Disease Control Division, DHSC

Chronic Disease and Community Relations Division, DHCS

Mental Health and Addictions Division, DHCS

Other departments
Chief Medical Officer of Health

Yukon Communicable Disease Control, Health Services Division, Department of Health and Social Services

Community Health Programs Branch, Health Services Division, Department of Health and Social Services

Community Nursing Branch, Health Services Division, Department of Health and Social Services

Two branches from the Social Services Division, Department of Health and Social Services

Yukon Women’s Directorate
Prevention Services Unit, Community Wellness and Social Services Division, Department of Health and Social Services

Chief Public Health Officer, Department of Health and Social Services

Health Protection Unit, Population Health Division, Department of Health and Social Services
Communicable Disease Control Unit, Department of Health

Health Promotion Unit, Public Health Branch, Department of Health

Public Health Branch, Department of Health

Department of Family Services


Infectious Disease Prevention and Control Branch, Public Health Agency of Canada

The Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention Branch, Public Health Agency of Canada

Health Products and Food Branch, Health Canada

Healthy Environments and Consumer Safety Branch, Health Canada
Regional levelHealth Authorities N/ARegional Healht Authorities, Northern Inter-Tribal Health Authority, First Nations Inuit Health BranchRegional Health AuthoritiesPublic health units Regional public health directors, Public Health Department, Health and Social Services AgenciesRegional Health Authorities9 District Health Authorities N/A4 Regional Integrated Health Authorities N/AHealth and Social Services AuthoritiesN/AN/A
E. Health Protection
B.C.Alta.Sask.Man.Ont.Que.N.B.N.S.P.E.I.N.L.Y.T.N.W.T.Nun.CA
Provincial, Territorial or Federal LevelHealth Protection Branch, Ministry of Health

Ministry of Health, Emergency Management Unit, Ministry of Health

BC Centre for Disease Control

Environmental Protection Division, Ministry of Environment

Ministry of Agriculture
Health Protection Unit, Acute Care and Population Health Division, Alberta Health

Health Protection Unit, Population and Public Health Portfolio, Alberta Health Services

Emergency/Disaster Management Unit, Population and Public Health Portfolio, Alberta Health Services

Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Resource Development

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
Environmental Health Unit, Population Health Branch, Ministry of Health

Water Security Agency

Ministry of Environment

Ministry of Agriculture

Ministry of Government Relations
Environmental Health Branch, Public Health Division, Manitoba Health

The Emergency Preparedness Branch, Public Health Division, Manitoba Health

Health Protection Unit, Public Health Division, Manitoba Health

Pollution Prevention Branch, Manitoba Conservation and Water Stewardship

Office of Drinking Water , Manitoba Conservation and Water Stewardship

Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives
Public Health Policy and Programs Branch, Public Health Division, Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care

Emergency Management Branch, Public Health Division, Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care

Public Health Ontario
Public Health Protection Department, Public Health Departmental Branch, Ministry of Health and Social Services

Ministry of Sustainable Development, Environment and Parks

Ministry of Public Security

Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food

Ministry of Natural Resources and Fauna

Ministry of Transport
Health Protection Branch, Office of the Chief Medical Officer of Health

Department of Environment and Local Government
Environmental health, DHW

Department of Agriculture

Department of Environment and Labour

Office of the Chief Public Health Officer, DHW

Office of Environmental Health, Office of the Chief Public Health Officer, DHW

Prince Edward Island Emergency Measures Organization

Department of Environment, Labour and Justice

Department of Agriculture and Forestry

Department of Fisheries, Aquaculture and Rural Development
Environmental Health Division, DHCS

Department of Natural Resources

Department of Government Services

Department of Environment and Conservation

Department of Environment and Conservation

Newfoundland and Labrador Emergency Measures Organization
Chief Medical Officer of Health

Community Health Programs Branch, Health Services Division, Department of Health and Social Services

Emergency Measures Organization, Department of Community Services

Environment Yukon
Chief Public Health Officer, Department of Health and Social Services

Health Protection Unit, Population Health Division, Department of Health and Social Services
Chief Medical Officer of Health, Department of Health

Health Protection Unit, Department of Health

Environmental Protection Division, Department of Environment
Infectious Disease Prevention and Control Branch, Public Health Agency of Canada

Health Products and Food Branch, Health Canada

Healthy Environments and Consumer Safety Branch, Health Canada

Regions and Programs Branch, Health Canada

Pest Management Regulatory Agency, Health Canada

Hazardous Materials Information Review Commission

Canadian Food Inspection Agency
Regional levelHealth Authorities N/ARegional Healht AuthoritiesRegional Health AuthoritiesPublic health units Regional public health directors, Public Health Department, Health and Social Services AgenciesPublic health inspectors

Regional Health Authorities
9 District Health Authorities, Department of Agriculture, Department of Environment and LabourN/A4 Regional Integrated Health Authorities N/AHealth and Social Services AuthoritiesN/AN/A
 
Aboriginal Health
B.C.Alta.Sask.Man.Ont.Que.N.B.N.S.P.E.I.N.L.Y.T.N.W.T.Nun.CA
Provincial, Territorial or Federal LevelAboriginal Healthy Living Branch, Ministry of Health

BC Centre for Disease Control

Ministry of Aboriginal Relations and Reconciliation
Aboriginal Health Unit, Population and Public Health Portfolio, Alberta Health Services

Ministry of Aboriginal Relations








Aboriginal Health Program, Ministry of Health Aboriginal and Northern Health Office, Manitoba Health

Manitoba Aboriginal and Northern Affairs

Intergovernmental Committee on Manitoba First Nations Health
Ministry of Children and Youth Services

Ministry Community and Social Services

Ministry Health and Long-Term Care

Ministry Aboriginal Affairs

Ministry Ontario Women's Directorate

Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care

Ministry of Community and Social Services
Aboriginal Affairs and Nordic Regions Unit, Managing Agreements Departmental Branch, Ministry of Health and Social

National Public Health Insitute
Department of Health

Aboriginal Affairs Secretariat

New Brunswick Aboriginal Peoples Council

Union of New Brunswick Indians
Department of Health and Wellness (DHW)

Mi'kmaq-Nova Scotia-Canada Tripartite Forum
Community Hospital and Primary Health Care Division, Health P.E.I.

Aboriginal Affairs Secretariat

Native Council of Prince Edward Island
Aboriginal Health Liaison Division, DHCS

Labrador Affairs Office
Department of Health and Social Services

Yukon Women’s Directorate
Department of Health and Social Services
Department of Health

Chief Medical Officer of Health, Public Health Branch, Department of Health
First Nations and Inuit Health Branch, Health Canada

Public Health Agency of Canada

Assembly of First Nations

Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami

Métis National Council

Congress of Aboriginal Peoples

Native Women's Association of Canada

National Association of Friendship Centres
Regional LevelHealth AuthoritiesN/ARegional Health AuthoritiesRegional Health AuthoritiesPublic Health UnitsVaries according to territory and populationRegional Health Authorities9 District Health AuthoritiesN/ALadrador-Grenfell Regional Health Authority; First Nations of Québec and Labrador Health and Social Services Commission; Gouvernment of Nunatsiavut N/AHealth and Social Services AuthoritiesN/AN/A
B.C.Alta.Sask.Man.Ont.Que.N.B.N.S.P.E.I.N.L.Y.T.N.W.T.Nun.CA