Strategies, action plans and approches for reducing poverty in the provinces and territories of Canada

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Definition of Poverty


Manitoba All Aboard: Manitoba's Poverty Reduction and Social Inclusion Strategy “Poverty is not just about money - it is also about social exclusion. Social exclusion happens when people are discouraged or blocked from fully participating in society because of barriers such as unemployment, poor housing, lack of accessible options, family breakdown, addictions, mental illness, outdated beliefs about their capabilities and discrimination. These barriers can keep people from accessing the benefits, resources and opportunities they need to participate more fully in their communities and reach their full potential.“* None identified.
New Brunswick Overcoming Poverty Together: The New Brunswick Economic and Social Inclusion Plan 2014-2019 "Poverty refers to the condition of a person who lacks the resources, means, opportunities, and power necessary to acquire and maintain economic self-sufficiency or to integrate into and participate in society."* To reduce income poverty by 25% and deep income poverty by 50%.*
Newfoundland and Labrador Reducing poverty: An Action Plan for Newfoundland and Labrador “Poverty refers not only to a lack of adequate financial resources, but also social exclusion, which is both a a consequence and a cause of poverty. Social exclusion refers to individuals not being able to participate fully in the social and economic activities of society.” To transform Newfoundland and Labrador from the province with the most poverty to the one with the least, in ten years.
Nova Scotia Preventing Poverty. Promoting Prosperity. Nova Scotia's Poverty Reduction Strategy None identified. However, the Poverty Reduction Working Group (PRWG) defines poverty as existing “when people are ‘excluded' from taking part in activities that are an accepted and respected part of daily life within our society. And that poverty is linked to various forms of inequality and inequity associated with, but not limited to, race, gender, age, sexual orientation, (dis)ability and geographical location – in that they are all contributing factors.” None identified.
Northwest Territories Government of the Northwest Territories Anti-Poverty Action Plan: Building on the Strengths of Northerners Definition taken from Canada Without Poverty (2012): "To live in poverty in Canada is to live with insufficient and often poor quality food.  It is to sleep in poor quality and/or unaffordable housing, in homeless shelters, or on city streets and parks.  It is on a daily basis to have to make difficult and painful decisions involving tradeoffs, such as whether to "pay the rent or feed the kids," pay the electric bill or go to the dentist, buy a new bus pass or forego inviting friends for dinner. To live in poverty is also to be at greater risk of poor health, family or neighbourhood violence, and a shorter lifespan.  It is to be unable to participate fully in one's community and greater society.  And it is to suffer great depths of anxiety and emotional pain."*  None identified. 
Nunavut The Makimaniq Plan: A Shared Approach to Poverty Reduction None identified. However, the development of a definition of poverty is a requirement of the Collaboration for Poverty Reduction Act None identified. However, the Nunavut Roundtable for Poverty Reduction identified their vision as "our land, Nunavut, and each of our communities, free of poverty."*
Ontario Realizing Our Potential: Ontario's Poverty Reduction Strategy 2014-2019 None identified. Recommitment to reducing child poverty by 25%.
New long-term goal of ending homelessness.
Prince Edward Island Social Action Plan to Reduce Poverty "…At its most basic level, poverty means that people's income falls short of meeting their essential needs. In many cases, this can mean that people have very low incomes; in other cases, people may have reasonable incomes but have needs that pose high costs. In most developed countries, the definition of poverty goes beyond the basics of food, shelter and clothing, to include people's ability to participate in their society."*  Specific target not identified.  
Québec Québec's Combat Against Poverty: Government Action Plan for Solidarity and Social Inclusion 2010-2015 None identified. See definition provided in the Act.  “[T]o progressively provide all citizens with the conditions required for them to live with dignity and with a sufficient standard of living according to international standards, while respecting our society's ability to absorb the costs thereof.”*  
Saskatchewan From Dependence to Independence: Actions and Investments for Saskatchewan's Most Vulnerable People  None identified.  None identified. 
Yukon A Better Yukon for All: Government of Yukon's Social Inclusion and Poverty Reduction Strategy  None identified.
On the link between poverty and social exclusion: "Poverty is one of the most obvious factors contributing to social exclusion, but social exclusion also stems from and is exacerbated by inadequate education, housing, health, social participation, employment and access to services."*
“Reducing the number of people who experience social exclusion and poverty, while improving the lives of people currently experiencing them.”*  


* For full reference, consult the Bibliography.



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