Anti-poverty legislation in Canadian provinces

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Date adopted

Guiding principles

Manitoba The Poverty Reduction Strategy Act (C.C.S.M. c. P94.7)

June 16, 2011

- “[R]ecognize that poverty has multiple causes”*
- “[C]ertain groups face a higher risk of poverty and social exclusion”*
- “[P]rograms and initiatives to reduce poverty and increase social inclusion [must be] accessible to all…”*
New Brunswick Economic and Social Inclusion Act (SNB 2010, c E-1.105)

April 16, 2010


Based on collaboration between government, business and non-profit sectors, people living in poverty and individual citizens engaged in actions to reduce poverty and ensure “resources to meet basic needs and live with dignity, security and good health.”*
- Create enabling environment and favourable conditions for the inclusion of all New Brunswickers “through opportunities for employment, personal development and community engagement.”* 

See also, Strategies, New Brunswick, under "Guiding values."

Nunavut Collaboration for Poverty Reduction Act (SNu 2013, c 12)  

May 16, 2013


See Strategies, Nunavut, under "Guiding values".

Ontario An Act respecting a long-term strategy to reduce poverty in Ontario (S.O. 2009, Ch. 10)

May 6, 2009


− A vision of a province where every person has the opportunity to achieve his or her potential, to contribute to a prosperous and healthy Ontario
− Builds on the foundation of Ontario's education system and the Ontario Child Benefit program
− Focus on breaking the cycle of intergenerational poverty by improving opportunities, particularly through education
− Implementation will require commitment at all levels of government, of all sectors of society, as well as a growing economy.
− Importance of all Ontarians
− Importance of communities
− Recognition of diversity
− Importance of support and involvement of families
− Respect
− Involvement
− Commitment and co-operation*

Québec An Act to Combat Poverty and Social Exclusion (R.S.Q., c. L-7)

December 13, 2002


− Reference to the Quebec Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms
− Poverty and social exclusion may constitute obstacles to the protection and respect of human dignity
− Poverty and social exclusion threaten social and economic development; social cohesion and equilibrium
− This fight is a national imperative, in the spirit of a universal movement to enhance the social, cultural and economic development of all human beings
− Persons living in poverty are the first to act to improve their situation; such improvement is linked to the development of the entire community
− Québec society as a whole wishes to pursue action to combat poverty and social exclusion.*

 *For full references consult the Bibliography.



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